Following heart health guidelines also reduces diabetes risk

You've probably heard that things like staying active, eating healthy and keeping your blood pressure in check can help your heart, and a new study finds that following a set of seven lifestyle factors can also drastically reduce your risk of developing diabetes.

Effects of linoleic acid on inflammatory response depend on genes

The effects of linoleic acid on the human body are largely dependent on genes, a new study shows. Linoleic acid is an essential fatty acid. People carrying different variants of the FADS1 gene had a different inflammatory response and different changes in their fasting glucose levels when supplementing their diet by linoleic acid rich sunflower oil. This was the first time these associations were studied in humans.

Personality type could shape attitudes toward body weight of others, researchers say

Researchers found that personality traits have significant bearing on a person's attitudes toward obesity, their implicit theories of weight and their willingness to engage in derisive fat talk or weight discrimination.

Health effects of metabolic 'magic bullet' protein

Researchers have developed a new system that lets them study in more detail than ever exactly how, where and when the metabolic protein AMPK carries out its molecular and therapeutic functions.

Epigenetic change causes fruit fly babies to inherit diet-induced heart disease

Scientists have identified an epigenetic marker and two genes that caused heart failure in the children and grandchildren of fruit flies with high-fat-diet-induced heart dysfunction. Reversing the epigenetic modification or over-expressing the two genes protected subsequent generations from the negative heart effects of their parents' diet.

Physical activity reduces mortality in patients with diabetes

Patients with type 2 diabetes should be prescribed physical activity to control blood sugar and improve heart health, researchers recommend in a newly published paper.

When the body's in overdrive, this liver hormone puts the brakes on metabolism

Researchers have identified a hormone produced by the liver that tells the body to downshift its metabolism when it's expending a lot of energy.

Vitamin D supplements are of no benefit to the over 70s

There is little benefit for those over 70 taking higher dose vitamin D supplements to improve their bone strength and reduce the risk of falls, new research has revealed.

VAT fat may cause pathogenic obesity

VAT, Visceral Adipose Tissue, a kind of fat that accumulates around the abdominal organs, has an important immune function. The body may choose to turn excess fat into FAT not SAT, subcutaneous fat when a fetus is not well nourished and is likely to face disease.

High intake of dietary fiber and whole grains associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases

Observational studies and clinical trials conducted over nearly 40 years reveal the health benefits of eating at least 25g to 29g or more of dietary fiber a day, according to a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

Cardiovascular diseases and nutrition in Europe: A lot of premature deaths preventable

Of the 4.3 million cardiovascular deaths in Europe in 2016, 2.1 million were the result of poor nutrition. The 28 EU member states account for around 900,000, Russia for 600,000 and the Ukraine for 250,000 of these deaths. Every second to third premature cardiovascular death could be prevented by better nutrition.

Excessive body fat around the middle linked to smaller brain size, study finds

Carrying extra body fat, especially around the middle, may be linked to brain shrinkage, according to new research. For the study, researchers determined obesity by measuring body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio in study participants and found those with higher ratios of both measures had the lowest brain volume.

Following Nepal's devastating 2015 earthquake, crisis in childhood malnutrition averted

Despite widespread destruction, including severe agricultural-related losses caused by the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, child nutrition remained stable in the hardest hit areas, a new study finds.

Maternal stress leads to overweight in children

Researchers were able to identify mother's perceived stress during the first year of the child's life as a risk factor for developing overweight in infancy. Researchers found this to have long-lasting effects on girls' weight development in particular.

Lack of standard dosage for blood thinners can lead to bleeding during bariatric surgery

Researchers have found a way to reduce bleeding in patients following bariatric surgery.