Policy changes can help ease roadblocks to a healthy diet

Diet modification can be a vital step to prevent cardiovascular disease. While various biological, economical, physical, social and psychological factors influence food choices, interventions targeting these factors can lead to meaningful improvements in long-term eating habits.

Wearable devices and mobile health technology: One step towards better health

With increasing efforts being made to address the current global obesity epidemic, wearable devices and mobile health ('mHealth') technology have emerged as promising tools for promoting physical activity. However, current literature seems to indicate that these new technologies may serve best as part of a larger overall health plan, rather than working alone to encourage weight loss.

Thirty percent increase in risk of fracture after gastric bypass

A study shows that the risk of fractures increases by about 30 percent after a gastric bypass operation. It was also discovered that falls increase after these operations.

Grip strength of children gives clues about their future health

Adolescents with a strong hand grip -- an indicator of overall muscle strength -- have better odds of being healthy over time, according to a two-year study of 368 elementary school children. The findings give insights to identify youngsters at future risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Making weight: Ensuring that micro preemies gain pounds and inches

A quality-improvement project to standardize feeding practices for micro preemies helped to boost their weight and nearly quadrupled the frequency of lactation consultations ordered in the neonatal intensive care unit, a multidisciplinary team finds.

Bribing bacteria to play nicely is good for everyone

Researchers report that giving mice dietary iron supplements enabled them to survive a normally lethal bacterial infection and resulted in later generations of those bacteria being less virulent. The approach demonstrates in preclinical studies that non-antibiotic-based strategies -- such as nutritional interventions -- can shift the relationship between the patient and pathogens away from antagonism and toward cooperation.

Dietary carbohydrates could lead to osteoarthritis, new study finds

Researchers have found that carbohydrate composition of diets increased the risk of osteoarthritis in laboratory mice -- even when the animals didn't differ in weight.

A diverse diet may not be the healthiest one

Scientific evidence to date does not support the notion that eating a diverse diet is healthy or promotes a healthy weight. Some studies suggest that a diverse diet may increase food consumption and the prevalence of obesity.

Fat-blocking effect of nanofibers discovered

Tiny balls of nano-sized cellulose fibers added to food reduced fat absorption by up to half in laboratory and animal experiments, scientists report.

Women and men experience different benefits from low-calorie diets

A low-calorie diet causes different metabolic effects in women than in men, a new study suggests.

Soy diets might increase women's bone strength

Researchers now have discovered through a new animal study that soy protein found in food might counter the negative effects of menopause on bone and metabolic health. Moreover, the researchers believe that soy protein might also have positive impacts on bone strength for women who have not yet reached menopause.

Got the 'drunchies'? New study shows how heavy drinking affects diet

After seeing an ad in a campus newspaper promoting unhealthy late-night foods, researchers decided to look at a sample of college students to better understand how drinking affects what they eat.

US teens: Higher prevalence of obesity than Grenada youth

Medical researchers have found a lower prevalence of overweight and obesity among youth in Grenada compared to US adolescents. The differences may reflect the impact of the westernized diet and lifestyle. The research may lead to a change in worldwide obesity prevention strategy.

Low-protein diet during pregnancy increases prostate cancer risk in offspring, rat study shows

Experiments with rats show that intrauterine protein restriction induces sex hormone imbalance, which appears to favor development of cancer in old age. The rate of prostate tumor development reached 50 percent among the old rats submitted to low-protein diet during pregnancy and lactation alike.

Eating crickets can be good for your gut, according to new clinical trial

A new clinical trial shows that consuming crickets can help support the growth of beneficial gut bacteria and that eating crickets is not only safe at high doses but may also reduce inflammation in the body.